Original Research Article
Oct. 11, 2019
Comparative Study of Intravenous Midazolam and Intranasal Midazolam for Procedural Sedation in Children
Kashish Goyal, Arvind Gupta
SAS J Med | 173-176
DOI : 10.36347/SASJM.2019.v05i10.001
This study compared intranasal midazolam versus intravenous midazolam for procedural sedation in pediatric patients.
It was a Prospective randomized study. Total 100 children between 1-12 years of age of either sex for various invasive
and noninvasive procedures requiring sedation received either intravenous midazolam (0.2mg/kg) or intranasal
midazolam (0.2mg/kg) with repeat dosing through same route (0.1mg/kg) if not sedated within 10 minutes. Time to
sedation was significantly shorter in IVM group as compared to INM group [2.38 ± 0.96 min. vs 8.56 ± 1.75 min, p
value <0.0001]. Duration of post procedure sedation, hypoxemia, respiratory depression, hypotension and vomiting
had no statistical significance.
Original Research Article
Oct. 30, 2019
Prevalence of Hypertension among Diabetic Patients in Sokoto Northwestern Nigeria: A Study of Associated Factors
M B Abdul Rahman, Saidu Kasimu
SAS J Med | 177-181
DOI : 10.36347/SASJM.2019.v05i10.002
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the prevalence of hypertension is highest in the African Region
at 46% of adults aged 25 years and above, while the lowest was found in the American region. The purpose of this
study was to identify the prevalence of hypertension among diabetic patients in metabolic clinic of Chemical
Pathology Department and Endocrinology clinic of Usman Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto Nigeria.
Also, it aimed to study the subjects’ characteristics, anthropometric, and clinical variables contributing to this
prevalence. This was a cross-sectional study carried out on adult of both sexes attending metabolic clinic of ChemicalPathology Department and Endocrinology clinic of Usman Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto Nigeria,
from 1st January 2018 to 31st December, 2018. The inclusion criterion for enrolment in the present study was all
diabetic patients attending the clinic at time of the study. Data were extracted from the chemical pathology register,
other clinical parameters extracted from the patients case folder, entry and validation was done using Microsoft excel
version 13. The data were exported into SPSS version 23.0 (Chicago IL) for windows; for statistical analysis.
Numerical data were summarized using measures of central tendency with their respective measures of dispersions.
Frequency and percentages were used to summarize categorical data. A total of 182 diabetic patients participated in
this study, 63.7% (116) were females, 41.8% were aged between 50-64 years old.