Original Research Article
April 5, 2020
Pod growth of Two Genotypes of Country Bean (Lablab purpureus L.) in Acid Soil
Sharifunnessa Moonmoon, Md. Moudud Ahmod, Md. Sazidur Rahman
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 73-76
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2020.v07i04.001
Pod growth of two genotypes (Sikribi Sheem-01 and SB003) of Country bean (Lablab purpureus L.) were investigated to assess the time of harvest of vegetable pod at PM. The field experiment was laidout in randomized complete block design with three replication. The harvested pods were collected to the laboratory and randomly split into samples (5 pod/samples) of three replication. Pod growth was observed at 33, 40, 47, 54 and 61 days after flowering (DAF). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) of different parameters were calculated using R software (R Gui x 64 3.6.0). Pod size increased gradually with increasing ages (DAF) and reached maximum at PM. Pericarp fresh weight reached maximum at around 40 DAF (approximately 7.14 g and 6.78 g per pod in Sikribi Sheem-01 and SB003 genotypes, respectively. Percent dry matter was highest in 61 DAF in both the genotypes. Pod and pericarp ratio was gradually increased with the increase of DAF. It may be concluded that Lablab bean can harvested between 33 DAF to 40 DAF for vegetable pod purpose, as pod weight will ensure market price and fleshy soft pericarp will ensure consumption satisfaction.
Original Research Article
April 30, 2020
Analysis of Cow’s Vocalization Number at the Estrus Period in the Traditional Farm in Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia
Yosua Kristian Adi, Irma Padeta, Surya Agus Prihatno
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 77-81
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2020.v07i04.002
One of the signs of estrus in cows is a change in their behavior, such as more frequent vocalization, riding other cows, and anxiety. However, changes in cow behavior on traditional farms in Indonesia are often overlooked by farmers because they do not always observe for their livestock every time. The evaluation of changes in cow behavior, especially the vocalization, is important for developing sound-based estrus detection devices in Indonesia. This study was carried out to determine the relationship between the changes in vocalization behavior and the occurrence of estrus in Indonesian tropical cows. Five non-pregnant and non-lactating health adult crossbred cows with normal ovarian follicular dynamics from the traditional farm in the Yogyakarta Special Region of Indonesia were recorded using a voice recorder for 25 consecutive days. The vulva was examined twice a day by following these methods; check the inner vulva mucosa, examine the temperature, and rectal palpation to confirm the signs of estrus. The difference in the frequency of cow vocalization during the estrus was analyzed descriptively. From 5 cows we observed, 2 cows showed a different vocalization number at the estrus period. The estrus condition was confirmed by pinkish and reddish inner vulva mucosa, increasing of external vulva temperature and rectal palpation examination. The other 2 cows showed no signs of estrus and there were no different vocalizations numbers during the research. One cow was estrus with no different vocalizations number confirmed. From the two cows, it could be observed that there was a difference in vocalization intensity approximately more than 3 times the fold at the estrus period.