Original Research Article
Sept. 30, 2020
Methods and Approaches of Extension in Artificial Insemination (AI) Innovation Adoption to Buffalo Livestock Business in Padang Pariaman District, West Sumatra
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 210-214
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2020.v07i09.002
This research was conducted in Padang Pariaman District, West Sumatra province. The purpose of this research was to know: a) outreach approach in the adoption of artificial insemination (AI) innovations applied to the business of Buffalo Farms in Padang Pariaman, and B) extension methods in the adoption of artificial insemination (AI) Innovations that applied to the business of Buffalo Farms in Padang Pariaman district. The research used a survey method approach and a secondary data analysis approach. Quantitative descriptive data analysis calculated using Likert scales. The results showed that the extension approach that has been implemented well by the extension agents in Padang Pariaman in the adoption of artificial insemination (AI)innovation on the business of Buffalo farming was into persuasive approach extension (persuasion/ Invitations), while on a pervasion approach extension (persuasion/invitation repetition) and compulsion approach extension (indirect compulsion) application was still a medium category, and in the coercion approach extension (Direct compulsion) application was still less category. The extension method carried out by the extension in the adoption of artificial insemination (AI) innovations in the business of Buffalo Farms in Padang Pariaman has not run optimally, where for the individual extension methods were in good category, while Group extension methods and the mass extension methods were in medium category.
Dharam Pal, Sudesh Rani
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 215-218
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2020.v07i09.003
Over the years, extensive use of commercially available synthetic pesticides against phytophagous insects has led to their bioaccumulation in the environment causing increased resistance and reduction in soil biodiversity. Further, 97% of the applied pesticides enter the various environmental resources as a result of run-off, exposing the farmers as well as consumers of the agricultural produce to severe health issues. Therefore, growing attention has been given toward the development of alternate environmentally friendly pesticides/insecticides that would aid an efficient pest management system and also prevent chronic exposures leading to diseases. One such strategy is, the use of Garlic (Allium Sativum), Green Chili Pepper (Capsicum frutescens), Clove(Syzygium aromaticum), Ginger(Zingiber officinale) active ingredients which exhibit agro-medicinal properties conferring insecticidal as well as Antibacterial , Antifungal , E. coli and Pseudomonas solanacearum , antimicrobial, Antioxidant, harmful microorganisms properties.which has been established as a pivotal insecticidal ingredient. It acts as an antifeedant, repellent, and repugnant agent and induces sterility in insects. This review discusses, key Garlic, Green Chili Pepper, Clove, Ginger pesticidal components, their active functional ingredients along with recent strategies, to provide controlled release of the active ingredients and to improve their stability and sustainability.
Original Research Article
Sept. 4, 2020
Implication of Prolonged Administration of Tramadol on Reproductive Performance of Male Wistar Rats
A. O. Oladejo, O. O. Ajala, A. A. Bakre, A. A. Oloye, O. S. Ajani
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 207-209
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2020.v07i09.001
Tramadol is a centrally active synthetic opioid analgesic that is used extensively in abolishing pain in animals. The effect of prolonged administration of tramadol on some reproductive parameters of wistar strain albino rats was studied. Fifteen sexually matured male albino rats weighing between 150–200 g were divided into three groups (A, B and C) of five rats in each. Group A (control) was given distilled water while the experimental groups B and C were treated orally with 50mg/kg and 100mg/kg of tramadol respectively for 28 days. The hormone profile of groups B and C male rats showed a significant decrease (p<0.05) in LH, FSH and testosterone value and a significant increase (p<0.05) in prolactin which was dose dependent compared to the control. These findings probably indicate that prolonged oral tramadol administration has a deleterious effect on sex hormone production and can precipitate infertility in the male wistar rats; hence its use must be with caution in animals meant for breeding purpose.