Nutritional and Therapeutic Benefits of Medicinal Plant Canthium parviflorum lam. (Rubiaceae): A Review
Srujana Paka, Jyothsna Paleti, Praneeth Reddy Naganagar, Rikitha Ranga, Bindu Priya Kalukuri, Narender Boggula
Sch Acad J Pharm | 211-218
DOI : 10.36347/sajp.2020.v09i07.004
The medicinal plants are the key source in the life of human beings. The use of herbal drugs for the prevention and treatment of various health ailments has been in practice from time immemorial. A large number of medicinal plants are explored from flora for production of commercial drugs. Approximately 20% of the plants found in the world have been submitted to pharmacological or biological tests. Canthium parviflorum is an important medicinal plant used in indigenous system of medicine in India and abroad. Plants are the richest source of medicinal drugs. India is one of the richest Bio Source nations in the world. In India, infectious diseases are still a challenging health problem. To isolate and characterize biologically active molecules, many medicinal plants were screened. Though the medicinal importance of this plant is known, but the potential source of this plant for biologically active molecules is not known. So, the present review on Canthium parviflorum is opens a gateway to find out useful and novel drugs. The diversity of phytochemicals found present suggests that Canthium parviflorum thorn could serve as a source of useful drugs.
Original Research Article
July 8, 2020
A Critical Assessment of Contemporary Pharmacy Curriculum: Views and Experiences of Foreign Trained Pharmacists
Mohammed Elijah NA, Adigwe Obi Peter, Onavbavba Godspower
Sch Acad J Pharm | 203-210
DOI : 10.36347/sajp.2020.v09i07.003
Students who are offered admission into higher institutions have varying educational and socio-economic backgrounds and indeed, some of these students have limited academic abilities. Universities therefore have to be creative in the manner that they facilitate learning; support students’ needs; review curriculum to fit socioeconomic priorities; and respond to new realities and opportunities for this group of stakeholders. This study aimed at assessing the views and experiences of foreign trained pharmacy graduates on pharmacy curriculum’s fitness of purpose for contemporary pharmacy practice. Student’s level of satisfaction with how they are assessed can give invaluable insight into the responsiveness of the curriculum to issues and challenges associated with contextual practice. In this study, well-structured questionnaires were administered to foreign trained pharmacy graduates with the ethical precepts of anonymity and confidentiality maintained. Likert type scale of 1 to 5 was adopted, and data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences software version 21. a total of 97 questionnaires were administered, response rate was 85.57%, respondents were made up of 39 males and 44 females, majority of them (66.3%) were between the age of 21 to 25, more than a third (37%) of them studied in Asia, less than one-tenth (7.2%) of them had MPharm degree, the factor loading for all the items were between 0.601 to 0.869 and the Cronbach alpha value for the questionnaire was 0.961. The study revealed that the respondents were satisfied with the method of assessment that was used for them in pharmacy school but would have preferred assessment and evaluation based on critical thinking feedback.
Original Research Article
July 4, 2020
Adverse Drug Reaction Profile and Medication Chart Review in Orthopaedic Patients Receiving Diclofenac Sodium at a Tertiary Care Urban Hospital
K. Sravani, Dr. Shaik Kareemulla, S. Mohammed Ishak, N. Ashwini
Sch Acad J Pharm | 195-202
DOI : 10.36347/sajp.2020.v09i07.002
Background: Diclofenac is the most commonly prescribed drug in clinical settings for the management of pain and inflammation. Gastrointestinal toxicity is a major clinical limitation of Diclofenac. A number of studies describe NASIDs as the leading causes of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Objectives: The main aim of this study was to evaluate the prescribing pattern of Diclofenac and to monitor the ADRs in orthopaedic IP patients with various co- morbidities. Materials & Methods: A prospective observational study was planned and conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics IPD of a tertiary care teaching hospital, RIMS. Patient data relevant to the study was obtained using a standard data collection form designed. A predesigned proforma of CDSCO (central Drug Standards Control Organisation) was used to record ADR. The causality was analyzed by using WHO causality assessment scale and the severity was analyzed by using the Hartwing and Siegel scale. Results: NSAID (Diclofenac) was commonly prescribed for osteoarthritis (10%), rheumatoid arthritis (11.67%), Fractures (45%), lower backache (10%), Spondylosis (8.33%), and osteomyelitis (15%). Nearly 63.64% (n=7) of the ADRs were reported by men and 36.36% (n=3) were reported by females. The reactions which were observed were nausea, vomiting, gastritis, abdominal discomfort, diarrhoea and headache. The most commonly reported ADR was gastritis and the system which was involved was the gastro-intestinal system with diclofenac. As per WHO causality assessment scale, 11.67% ADRs were assessed as “possible” ADRs and 5% as “probable” ADRs. The severity assessment scale revealed that 100% were mild and that moderate and severe ADRs were not identified. Conclusion: Knowledge of potential adverse effects and standard prescription guide lines will play pivotal role in rational prescription of NSAIDs (diclofenac). Regular prescription audits with feedback to prescribers can alter prescribing behaviour towards good prescribing......