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Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences | Volume-11 | Issue-01
Factors Associated with Coronary Heart Disease among Patients in Bangladesh: A Single Center Study
Dr. Md. Alahi Khandaker, Brig Gen Dr. AK Mahbubul Haque, KMA Shafique, Dr. Md. Ahsanul Islam, Dr. Abu Noyim Mohammad
Published: Jan. 23, 2023 | 29 25
DOI: 10.36347/sjams.2023.v11i01.020
Pages: 120-134
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Abstract
Background: Coronary heart disease ((CHD) is the term that describes what happens when one’s heart’s blood supply is blocked or interrupted by a build-up of fatty substances in the coronary arteries. It is the major leading cause of death which poses serious health problems in developed as well as developing countries like Bangladesh. It has also high substantial economic impact in national healthcare expenditure. Aim of the Study: The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with coronary heart disease among patients in Bangladesh. Methods: This was a cross sectional descriptive study, conducted during the period from the 1st September 2017 to 28th February 2018. A total of 135 clinically diagnosed CHD patients were included as the study subjects. For this purpose, non-probability convenient sampling technique was used. After taking inform consent, we measured height, weight, waist and hip circumference of the participants. Recording all the data, we filled up the predesigned questionnaire. Data were collected by both qualitative and quantitative method by using semi- structured questionnaire developed for the study. All data were processed, analyzed and disseminated by using MS Excel and SPSS version 20.0 program as per necessity. Results: Among the total participants 65.2% were with positive family history of cardiovascular diseases, 87.4% with habit of tobacco intake, 90.4% physically inactive, 2.2% with habit of alcohol intake, 31.9% with diabetes mellitus, 82.2% with hypertension, 75.6% with dyslipidemia, 30.4% overweight, 7.4% obese and 5.2% underweight. In this study, we found significant correlations of coronary heart diseases (CHD) with age (P=0.012), BMI (P=0.023), habit of tobacco intake (P=0.003) and hypertension (P=0.011). Conclusion: Age, body weight, habit of tobacco and hypertension may be considered as some potential factors which are associated with coronary heart disease. In Bangladesh, the frequencies of peoples with family .....