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Ghana Alternative Medicine Journal | Volume-4 | Issue-03
Panorama of Internal Diseases Diagnosed in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University Hospital Center of the Point G: A Hospital Registry-Based Study
Keïta Kaly, Sandji Oumar, Sangaré Drissa, Tolo Nagou, Traoré Abdramane, Doumbia Nanko, Berthé Brehima Boly, Boua Daoud Camara, Dembélé Ibrahima Amadou, Mallé Mamadou, Soumaré Assitan, Sanogo Fata, Has
Published: Aug. 18, 2023 | 94 101
Introduction: Internal diseases referred to the problems in the body’s internal organs and tissues that it is complex or multisystem diseases processes, undifferentiated diseases processes, and single-organ disease processes, and that may be prevented, diagnosed and treated in internal diseases department, otherwise known as internal medicine department. Describing all internal diseases would contribute to identify the diseases likely to lead to increased hospital morbidity and mortality, in order to redirect priority health actions by health authorities. The objective of this work was to update our data on the frequency of all internal diseases diagnosed in patients hospitalized in the internal medicine department at the University Hospital Center of the Point G. Methodology: This was a descriptive study with retrospective data collection of patients with at least an internal disease hospitalized in the internal medicine department at the University Hospital Center of the Point G a study period from January 01, 2016 to December 31, 2016, i.e. 12 months. Results: During the study period, 383 patients were hospitalized in the internal medicine department at the University Hospital Center of the Point G. The mean age of patients was 49.31 years. The male to female sex ratio was 0.90. There was no statistically significant relationship between sex distribution and age group (p= 0.230). Fever motivated hospitalization in 21.15% of cases (n= 81), followed by anemic syndrome in 8.35% of cases (n= 32). Concerning discharge diagnosis, infectious and parasitic diseases accounted for 21.93% of cases (n= 84), followed by endocrine, nutritional or metabolic diseases with 18.38% of cases (n= 70), and digestive diseases with 15.40% of cases (n= 59). Among infectious and parasitic diseases, opportunistic infections associated with HIV infection were found in 45.23% of cases (n= 38), followed by septicemia with 9.52% of cases (n= 8), and severe malaria with 5.95% (n= 5). Among ....