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Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences | Volume-8 | Issue-03
Symptomatic Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection in Icus and Post Operative Ward at a Tertiary Care Centre, Hyderabad
Dr. S Ruth Ramya, Dr. N Sridevi, Dr. G Jyothi Lakshmi
Published: March 7, 2020 | 181 127
DOI: 10.36347/sjams.2020.v08i03.004
Pages: 786-789
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Abstract
Purpose: Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are one of the major concerns of nosocomial infection, which lead to significant mortality, morbidity and additional hospital stay. The objective is to study the incidence of CAUTI, to isolate the pathogens and detect their antibiotic sensitivity pattern. Material and Methods: It is a prospective study of 1 year, conducted from January 2018 to December 2018, at tertiary care centre, Hyderabad. The demographic data of catheterized patients is collected from the ICU and post operative wards, as per criteria given by CDC. The urine from the symptomatic patients was collected from the catheter and processed in Microbiology laboratory. The pathogens were isolated and susceptibility to antibiotics was tested. Results: The CAUTI rate in Neurosurgical ICU was 0, Respiratory ICU was 6.966, Acute surgical care was 1.55 and Post operative ward was 1.33. The isolated organisms are Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Enterococci, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida species. Conclusion: The incidence of CAUTI in ICUs and Post operative ward is low. The rates are less than 5 and 10 per 1000 catheter days. This can be attributed to good preventive practices and empirical usage of antibiotics in ICUs and POW.