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Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences | Volume-8 | Issue-06
Unusual Poisoning: Wild Berries
Dr. Hitender Gautam, Dr. Priyanka, Dr. Amit Sachdeva
Published: June 13, 2020 | 176 116
DOI: 10.36347/sjams.2020.v08i06.009
Pages: 1428-1429
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Abstract
Poisoning is one of the common presentations in paediatric emergency. Common poisons encounter in paediatric age group are organophosphate, Kerosene, wild plants like Dhatura etc. But wild berry poisoning is less common. Coriaria Nepalenesis is a wild berry found in northern India and elsewhere in South Africa, china, japan and northern Africa. It had sweet fruit contain glycoside named Coriamytrin and TUTIN both act on grey Matter of cerebral cortex and cause convulsion. Children attract more towards the colourful wild berries. Some berries are toxic and cause minor GI discomfort, giddiness, seizure and even may lead to death. We, hereby report 18 cases of wild berry poisoning presenting to paediatric emergency of Indira Ganhi Medical College, Shimla. Children were between the age of 5 to 17 years. Most common presenting complaints was vomiting which was present in all the cases, 8 had altered mental status while rest 10 had generalised seizures. All children had history of consumption of wild berries accidently 2 to 4 hours before presenting to the emergency. All children had normal metabolic profile at the time of admission. Convulsions were aborted with Injection midazolam and Injection phenytoin. All were improved after 24 hours and none of them had any complication at the time of discharge. As the children had attitude to try and seek new things they are vulnerable for the exposure of poisonous wild fruit ingestion. Knowledge among children and society may decrease these incidences.