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Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences | Volume-8 | Issue-06
Study of Vitamin D Levels in Pregnancy With Relation To Obstetrical and Medical Complications
Soni A, Verma Suresh, Chauhan I
Published: June 20, 2020 | 165 109
DOI: 10.36347/sjams.2020.v08i06.016
Pages: 1470-1474
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Abstract
Background: Historically vitamin D was thought to be important for bone and calcium metabolism only but recent studies have redefined its role. There is some evidence now that low levels of vitamin D are associated with many pregnancy related complications. Hence this study was done to estimate vitamin D levels in pregnancy and its correlation with medical and obstetrical complications. This was a cross sectional study conducted among pregnant women attending OPD or IPD of our hospital. In this study vitamin D levels of 100 pregnant females were estimated and these were divided into two groups. Group A (n=50) included the women with normal course of pregnancy and Group B(n=50) included pregnancy with complication. Mean of the vitamin D levels were compared in both the groups. Statistical analysis was done by using SPSS software. Almost 94% women in both groups had low vitamin D levels. Mean serum 25(OH) D levels were significantly less in group B (10.9ng/ml, p = 0.0002) as compared to group A (19.49ng/ml). 100% of women in group B had deficiency of 25(OH)-D levels (<10 ng/ml) compared to 96% women in group A. Vitamin D deficiency was significantly associated with maternal complications like gestational diabetes mellitus and preeclampsia. Although mean serum levels of vitamin D were significantly less in pregnancy with complication as compared to those who had normal course of pregnancy. But overall most of the patients were vitamin D deficient in both the groups.