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Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences | Volume-8 | Issue-06
An Assessment of Pneumonia in Children with Hyponatremia: Study in a District Hospital, Natore, Bangladesh
Md. Mosharrof Hossain, Fazlur Rahman, Md. Ruhul Amin, Md. Belal Hossain, Md. Abdur Rahim
Published: June 24, 2020 | 153 113
DOI: 10.36347/sjams.2020.v08i06.023
Pages: 1510-1513
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Abstract
Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi cause it. The infection causes inflammation in the air sacs in your lungs, which are called alveoli. The alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe. The aim of our study was to assess Pneumonia in Children with Hyponatremia. The study was conducted in the department of Pediatrics, Natore District Hospital, Natore, Bangladesh during the period from January 2017 to December 2017. One hundred and twenty five (125) study subjects were selected purposively. At the time of admission, the patient’s clinical history was recorded in prefixed preform. Venous blood sampling was obtained from each patient enrolled in the study and sent for estimation of serum electrolytes, glucose levels, X-Ray Chest. Data were analyzed by using SPSS version 21. The highest Serum Sodium level for Pneumonia ((mEq/L)) in (135-140) range was 58 (46.40%), higher (126-130) range was 32(35.60%), high (130-135) range was 25(20.00%) and lowest (120-125) range was 10(8%). Hyponatremia is quite common in community acquired pneumonia cases that needed hospitalization. Initial measurement of serum sodium is recommended in all hospitalized pneumonia patients. Regular follow up of serum sodium level during the period of hospital stay should be considered to pick up the high risk cases at an early stage. Based on the above findings it can be concluded that regular estimation of serum electrolyte concentration and 30% has been curtailed from the regular daily intake fluid volume to guide appropriate fluid and electrolyte management of children with severe pneumonia requiring hospitalization.