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Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences | Volume-8 | Issue-06
Risk of Smoking in Patients with Malignant Tumor: Study in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Farhad Mahmud, Shahnaz Parvin, Farzana Rahman, Mridul Kumar Saha
Published: June 27, 2020 | 133 101
DOI: 10.36347/sjams.2020.v08i06.032
Pages: 1573-1579
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Abstract
Introduction: Like many other countries in the world cancer in Bangladesh is one of the major killer diseases. Along with many other countries, Bangladesh has an increasing number of cancers, primarily because of cigarette smoking, chewing of betel nut/betel leaf and exposure to several oncogenic microorganisms and other carcinogens ubiquitous and also for coupled with lack of screening, awareness and poor health seeking behaviors associated with poverty, malnutrition, and illiteracy. Aim of the study: To assess the risk of smoking in patients with malignant tumor. Material & Methods: This is a cross sectional study conducted at the Department of Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka from October 2011 to September 2012. All tumor cases diagnosed by histopathology or cytopathology in the department of Pathology, BSMMU were enrolled in this study. The materials for diagnoses were biopsy specimens, surgical resection/excised specimens, and cytology specimens. All tumor reports were stored in computer data base and would be retrieved according to need. Information was collected from the patients or close relatives of the patients. Personal identification data and tumor related information including ICD-O3 and ICD 10 were collected and recorded systematically in a data abstraction sheet. Tumor identification part was filled up by a resident doctor. All precautions were maintained to avoid multiple counts of same patient. These data were entered in to software by using Microsoft access. Basic frequency distribution and proportion of data were presented in tables, figures and diagrams. Statistical analyses of the results will be obtained by using window based computer software devised with Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS-15). Results: Of the total696 cancer cases, 354 were smokers. 50.9% were smoker and 49.1% were nonsmoker. In smoker’s squamous cell carcinoma represented highest figures of 112 (31.64%), followed .....................