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Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences | Volume-8 | Issue-06
Levels of Some Phytochemicals in Methanol Extract of Coconut Water
Ajobiewe HF, Ajobiewe JO, Egbe JO, Ogundeji AA, Umeji LC
Published: June 30, 2020 | 117 224
DOI: 10.36347/sjams.2020.v08i06.038
Pages: 1605-1612
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Abstract
The aim of this research is to determine the levels of some phytochemicals in methanol extract of Coconut water. Medicinal plants are the local heritage with global importance. In fact plants used for medications are the basis of many modern pharmaceuticals today. The work thus investigated the methanol based phytochemical extract of Coconut water. The method involved the use of pooled Coconut water obtained from fifty Coconut fruits at different Markets in various locations in Abuja F.C.T. Methanol extraction of Coconut Phytochemicals was the central focus of the technique adopted. The Spearman’s Ranked Correlation Coefficient statistics technique was used to test the level of correlation between the visually scored colour intensity of the phytochemicals of interest and their spectrophotometric ally measured absorbance values at 200nm to 600 nm. The targeted Phytochemicals were Alkaloids, Glycosides, Saponins, Tannins, Resins, Acidic compounds and Flavonoids. The Result revealed that Alkaloids that were subjectively scored 4+ with light Purple colour intensity had absorbance, OD, of 300nm. Tannins and Resins, scored 3+ each, with Light Blue colour intensity, had absorbance, OD, of 400nm. Glycosides and Saponin each separately scored 2+, with Green colour intensity had absorbance, OD, of 200 nm. While no colours were detected in Flavonoids and Acidic compounds and as such their absorbances could not be evaluated. Their Statistical proportions on Pie Chart were 142.90, 102.90, 102.90 and 00 respectively. Students t test revealed that tcal ≥ttab. At 95% confidence limits the levels of the phytochemicals extracted from the Coconut water using methanol extract are quite significant (P<0.05).