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Scholars Academic Journal of Pharmacy | Volume-13 | Issue-02
CHF: A Disease Capturing Indians
Vikas Sharma, Md Naushad ali, Md Osama, Vatsala Agarwal, Dr. Syed Salman Ali, Anima Raut
Published: Feb. 20, 2024 | 162 66
DOI: 10.36347/sajp.2024.v13i02.002
Pages: 55-66
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Abstract
At 30% of all fatalities worldwide, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major cause of mortality. The WHO estimates that 17.9 million people die from CVDs annually and that number will rise to 22.2 million by 2030. As individuals age, the mortality rate rises. In terms of gender, women die from CVD at a greater rate (51%) than do men (42%). The intricate clinical illness known as congestive heart failure (CHF) is marked by an inefficient heartbeat, which compromises the body's blood flow. Any condition affecting blood ejection from the ventricles into the systemic circulation or ventricular filling might lead to CHF. Daucus carota, Nerium oleander, Amaranthus viridis, Ginkgo biloba, Terminalia arjuna, Picrorhiza kurroa, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Tinospora cordifolia, Mucuna pruriens, Hydrocotyle asiatica, Bombax ceiba, and Andrographis paniculate are a few medicinal plants that are well-known for treating cardiovascular disease. These plants include flavonoids, polyphenols, plant sterol, plant sulphur compounds, and terpenoids, which are active phytochemicals. Given the rising incidence of CVD, a number of physiologically active substances with established biological effects have been identified discovered in a variety of plants; nonetheless, proper CVD preventive and treatment strategies are still needed. To fully comprehend the mechanism and phytochemicals found in particular plants that cure CVD, more study is required.