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Cross-Currents: An International Peer-Reviewed Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences | Volume-10 | Issue-04 Call for paper
The Historical Realities of Illustrative Images of African Youths with Deadly Dangerous Voluntary Crossing of the Saharan Desert Through the Mediterranean Deep Sea to European Clandestine Destinations 2000-2021
Njuafac Kenedy Fonju
Published: June 8, 2024 | 151 53
DOI: 10.36344/ccijhss.2024.v10i04.001
Pages: 91-112
The present paper handles clandestine migratory pathways of Sub-Saharan African youths struggling with deadly eyes across the Sahara Desert through the Mediterranean waterways to different targeted destinations aiming to arrive in European countries between 2000 and 2021.The targeted countries includes Italy, Spain, France, Germany, Belgium, Portugal, Britain which were the former slavery and slave trade practitioners thereafter their abolitions to colonial masters then to the stage of neo-colonial looting agents of continuous Exploration, Expropriations and Exploitation of African Natural Resource (EEEANR). However, about forty years of their departure but sustaining the mechanisms of neo-colonialism has been a serious challenges to African developmental patterns with strings of foreign aid in collaboration with the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) dictating the norms of macro and micro- economic policies to Third World Countries. This set confusions among individual African leaders who find it difficult to come out with good effective implantable policies without consulting the neo-colonial actors. Consequently, most of the African youths in Sub-Saharan Africa saw the end of the 20th Century as era of European ill lucks and beginning of the 21st Century with the realities of globalization as an era of new hopes through clandestine migration at all cost. The funny issue here is that they are still running to do slavery in the name of blue or white collar jobs to the same white men who enslaved our ancestors in the era of slavery and slave trade, and hard and harsh labour with all torturing mechanisms in the era of colonization. The shocking images are clear visibility of what the African youths embarking on such immigration are going through as corpses are seen lying beside the Mediterranean shores. Frequently, sinking of vessels resulted in the mass drowning with the Tunisian Coast .........