Original Research Article
Aug. 5, 2020
Awareness and Practice of Tooth Replacement among Elderly Ghanaian Adult within the Greater Accra Metropolis
Berko D, Quartey-Papafio N, Ampofo PC, Fleischer HNA, Tormeti D
Sch J Dent Sci | 95-102
DOI : 10.36347/sjds.2020.v07i08.001
Background: Tooth loss affects the oral function, physical appearance, psychological well-being and social life of a person. The use of dental prosthesis therefore becomes necessary. However, the full acceptance and use of this treatment plan has not been fully realized due to factors such as limited knowledge on oral care and tooth replacement, poverty, dental anxiety, sociodemographic location and the beliefs of people. Aim: The purpose of the study was to determine the awareness and practice of tooth replacement among older Ghanaian adults. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 consenting participants of age 50 years and above living in the Accra Metropolitan District in Ghana. The participants were selected using random sampling technique. The collected data were responses of structured questionnaire asking participants about the awareness and practices of tooth replacement. Data was captured using Microsoft Access and analyzed using descriptive statistics (to obtain means and frequencies) and Chi square tests from the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software version 22.The level of significance was set at 0.05. Results: The prevalence of tooth loss and total edentulism was 66.0% and 3.0% among participants respectively. There was 90.0% awareness on tooth replacement among participants and 82.0% responded positively towards the practice of tooth replacement. This study revealed that 18.0% of subjects have utilized dental prosthesis of which 94.4% opted for removable dentures. Conclusion: Tooth loss and awareness on tooth replacement were high among majority of participants. The use of dental prostheses was low among participants. Majority of participants perceived dental prosthesis as not necessary and moreover financial constraint was a key reason for non-use of prosthesis among participants. Increased education and improved socioeconomic status is therefore necessary to enhance the practice of tooth replacement.....
Original Research Article
Aug. 30, 2020
Impact of Digital Education model on Mental Health of Undergraduate Dental Students during COVID-19 Lockdown
Kunal Raj Khanna, Narinder Singh, Dr. Kanu Jain
Sch J Dent Sci | 103-108
DOI : 10.36347/sjds.2020.v07i08.002
Background: The students all around the world are suffering a major impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on their course studies. This stress and associated fears in turn have affected their mental health. This study was done with an aim to evaluate the effect of digital education model used during COVID-19 lockdown on the professional learning and mental health of undergraduate dental students of India. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire including 31 items was designed and circulated to undergraduate dental students in different parts of the country through different dental forums and groups. All the participants submitted their response through the link for questionnaire generated in Google forms. Two separate sections of the questionnaire evaluated impact of nationwide lockdown on professional learning and its effects on mental health of students. Results were analysed through descriptive statistics. Results: A total of 232 students responded to the questionnaire. Most of the participants felt that COVID-19 lockdown is impacting their professional learning in a great way. Majority of them are suffering from the fears regarding their examinations, clinical practice and dentistry as a future career. All these fears are impacting their mental health as reflected in the changes in their daily routine. Conclusion: COVID-19 lockdown is having a massive impact on the professional learning of undergraduate dental students in India. As most of students are facing a deterioration in their mental health due to their fears, there is a dire need of advocation of psychological counselling to students.