Original Research Article
Sept. 14, 2021
Penetrating Wounds of the Abdomen: Therapeutic Aspects at the Fousseyni DAOU Hospital in Kayes, Mali
Traoré Lamine Issaga, Sangaré Sidy, Sogoba Gaoussou, Katile Drissa, Dembelé Sadio, Goïta Lassana, Sissoko Mody, Camara Moussa, Sanogo Zié Zomogo, Traoré Drissa
SAS J Surg | 507-511
DOI : 10.36347/sasjs.2021.v07i09.009
Objective: To evaluate the criteria for therapeutic choice between systematic laparotomy and non-operative treatment "selective abstentionism" in penetrating wounds of the abdomen. Patients and methods: This is a retrospective study performed at the second referral hospital of Kayes from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2020. We included all patients admitted to the department for penetrating wounds of the abdomen. The parameters studied were visceral injuries, systematic laparotomy, non-operative treatment "selective abstentionism" Results: We collected 66 patients of which 57 were men and 9 were women, i.e. a sex ratio of 6.3. The mean age was 25.6 years with a standard deviation of 28.72 years and extremes (7 years - 60 years). Criminal assault was the main circumstance of occurrence in 34 cases (51%), the vulnating agent was a knife in 38 cases (58%), the site of the lesions was para umbilical in 12 cases (18%), the most eviscerated organ was the omentum in 25 cases (54%). Systematic laparotomy was performed in 41 cases (62%), during this operation the white laparotomy was performed in 6 cases (15%), intraoperatively the wounds of the small intestine were the most frequent in 15 cases (37%), the operative gesture was the simple suture in 24 cases (58%) The morbidity of the systematic operative treatment was 15% (4 parietal suppurations, 2 fistulas of the anastomosis). Mortality was 5% (2 cases). The non-operative treatment "selective abstentionism" was practiced in 25 cases (38%), we had 2 cases of therapeutic failure that required a secondary surgical intervention the lesions in per operative were 1 case of stomach wound and 1 case of wound of the right colonic angle. The morbidity was nil. Conclusion: In the management of penetrating wounds of the abdomen, systematic laparotomy has the advantage of making the lesion assessment while taking into account to avoid the patient a white laparotomy, the non operative treatment must be based on strict selection .......
Neurofibromatosis Type I Plexiform Geante of the Buttock in a Surgical Setting in a Second Referral Hospital
Traoré Lamine Issaga, Sangaré Sidy, Sogoba Gaoussou, Cissé Abdoulaye, Dembelé Sadio, Goïta Lassana, Camara Moussa, Sanogo Zié Zomogo, Traoré Drissa
SAS J Surg | 504-506
DOI : 10.36347/sasjs.2021.v07i09.008
Neurofibromatosis type I (NFI) or Von Reccklinghausen disease is a rare pathology in the surgical setting. We report the observation of a giant plexiform neurofibromatosis type I (NFI) of the buttock in a 61-year-old patient. The pathology was responsible for functional discomfort, unaesthetic and a problem of personal hygiene (after the stool). The she, unaesthetic and a problem of body hygiene (after the stools). The diagnosis of neurofibromatosis was confirmed according to the diagnostic criteria of the National Institue of Health (NIH) consensus conference. Surgical excision was performed, the anatomo-pathological examination of the surgical specimen was a benign tumor, the long-term evolution was satisfactory without local recurrence and a resumption of the activities of daily life.
Epispadias in a 32-Year-Old Patient with Congenital Malformatiom: Bladder-Epispadias Exstrophy at Birth
Mohamed Tebaa, Ayemric Setondji, Mohamed Amine Lakmichi, Zakaria Dahami, Said Mohammed Moudouni, Ismail Sarf
SAS J Surg | 499-503
DOI : 10.36347/sasjs.2021.v07i09.007
Bladder atrophy and / or epispadias This is an orphan genetic malformation affecting one child in 30 to 40 thousand births. This malformation requires immediate surgical management in a specialized center. Many interventions will be essential in order to resolve urinary and genital problems. Treatment protocols vary, but are still based on three essential steps: closing the bladder in the neonatal period; reconstruction of the urethra and penis in boys; bladder emptying and continence surgery. If the first two stages are well mastered, the last remains a challenge, because the techniques in force are unable to restore the active and complex mechanisms that manage bladder emptying and the maintenance of dryness between two bladder emptying. We now have to resolve to create passive subbladder resistance associated with intermittent multi-daily catheterization in order to preserve the upper urinary tract, which remains the first priority.