Original Research Article
March 30, 2021
Assessment of Dietary Pattern for Medical Students in Benghazi University in Libya
Zahzahan A. Alsaeti, Safa Abdul Salam, Shrook Omer, Marwa Alfarsi Muna Abdul Salam
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 33-41
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2021.v08i03.001
Background: We assessed the dietary pattern of undergraduate medical students. Were transition of students to college may increase the opportunity for them to choose the type and the amount of food, because the collage a new society and find less food time during study, may results in a good or bad choice of food. If students are unaware of the nutritional needs to maintain a healthy body weight, this can cause under or over weight and other health problems. Methods: The study applied a cross-sectional, descriptive study design, sample size of 455 male and female students their ages (19-30), from four medical faculties including Medical, Dental, public health, pharmacy, and medical technology of Benghazi University in Libya, data were collected using a self-completed questionnaire, the height and weight were recorded, BMI and energy requirements was calculated accordingly. Results: The study presented the majority of students participating from various medical specialties, in fourth year of medical & public health collage, and their ages between 19-30 years and gender is 51% female and 49% male. The body mass index of 68.4% of students between 18.5-24.9 (normal), 22.9% had 25-29.9 (over weight) & 5% of students were 30 or more (obese), while 3.7% was BMI less than 18.5 (underweight). The Correlation between BMI and gender among medical students (N=455) were significantly associated 36% n163 of females & 33% n 148 of males were preferred to normal BMI (P=0.014). 61.3% of college students were sedentary physical activity. Gender were found to be significantly associated with physical activity level, sedentary & moderate active of physical activity more frequent in Females, 32.5% & 15.6% respectively, but extreme activity more in male n 27 (5.9%) compared by female n12 (2.6 %) (P= 0.032). 80% of students were F & V consumptions in less than 5 servings a day. BMI was not showed significantly associated with F & V consumption (p= 0.772). also their ................
Original Research Article
March 1, 2021
Growth and Yield Traits of Two Improved Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Cultivars under Poultry Manure and NPK Fertilizers
Kwadwo Gyasi Santo, Daniel Afreh Ntiamoah, Patrick Mawuenyegan Norshie, Abdulai Muntala
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 20-32
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2021.v08i02.004
Studies to ascertain the effect of organic and mineral sources of N, P and K on growth and yield attributes of Bankyehemaa and Nkabom varieties were undertaken in Offinso, Ghana, from June, 2014 to May, 2015. The cassava varieties and 2 t/ha of poultry manure (PM), 600 kg/ha each of NPK 15-15-15 and NPK 23-10-10, and a combination of the mineral fertilizers with PM at their half rates and a negative control were laid out in a factorial combination in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Plant height, number of roots per plant, mean root weight and root length were measured over the period, whereas height at first branching, shoot weight, stem girth and number of stems per hill were evaluated at final harvest at 11 months after planting (MAP). The data collected were subjected to analysis of variance using the 12th Edition of GenStat Statistical package. Variety, fertilizer and treatment interaction effects for all the parameters measured were significant, except varietal effect on number of stems per plant, stem girth, mean root weight and root length. Growth and mean root number were increased in Bankyehemaa variety. NPK 23-10-10 alone increased number of roots per plant, while its combination with PM improved mean root weight and root length. This fertilizer combination increased root length in Nkabom variety. At final harvest, PM alone significantly improved mean root number in Bankyehemaa and also increased mean root weight in Nkabom. Cassava farmers should be encouraged to apply PM, NPK 23-10-10 and their combinations to improve the performance of Bankyehemaa and Nkabom varieties grown in sandy loams in a semi-deciduous forest ecology. In future studies, the impact of these fertilizers on soil physico-chemical properties and nutrient use efficiency of the test cassava varieties should be evaluated in multi-locations over many years.
Original Research Article
Feb. 21, 2021
Study of Air-Spora over the Groundnut Fields in Nashik District of Maharashtra, India
Malati H. Aher
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 15-19
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2021.v08i02.003
Air contains number of different particles suspended in it. Fungal spores, pollen grains, viruses, bacteria, dust particles, insect parts etc. The Present aerobiological investigation was carried out at Nashik District by using a device Tilak Air sampler. Continuous air monitoring operation was done for 97 days during the months of June, July, August and September of Kharif Season during the year 2013. Airborne catches trapped over the groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) field includes 45 fungal spores, hyphal fragments, insect parts, pollen grains etc. the article defines the definite correlation between the air borne microorganisms, meteorological parameters, growth stages of the crop plants and their impact in bringing about the disease incidence to the ground nut crop plants. A volumetric Tilak Air Sampler was used to trap airborne biological components, which incidentally provided continuous quantitative and qualitative data. Present investigation also mainly aimed to study the population of fungal morphotypes prevailing in the ambient air over the groundnut fields in one Kharif Crop season.