The Surgical Treatment of an Ectopic Ureter in a Dog
Manaporn Kosornsri, Warattha Boontuboon, Ratikorn Bootcha, Soontaree Petchdee
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 240-243
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2020.v07i11.002
An ectopic ureter is a very rare congenital defect in dogs with few cases reported in the literature. In this study, we reported an eight-month-old dog presenting with urinary incontinence and perivalvar dermatitis, her clinical sign was complicated by left kidney hydronephrosis. The ultrasonography and the intravenous pyelogram (I.V.P.) imaging revealed a diagnosis of the ectopic insertion of the ureter into the vagina. The dog underwent the neoureterostomies, a surgical approach was successfully used to treat the congenital ectopic ureter in this case. In conclusion, surgical repair is an effective treatment and provides an excellent outcome for dogs with a congenital ureter defect. This surgical technique can resolve urinary incontinence and can use as a treatment option to prevent further urinary bladder infection and to reduce the complications of renal tissue-damaging from the ectopic ureter.
Original Research Article
Nov. 5, 2020
Association of Makhana (Euryale Ferox Salisb) with Macrophyte Weeds in Katihar District of Bihar, India
Meenu Sodi, Sanjib Kumar
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 231-239
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2020.v07i11.001
Euryale ferox Salisb. (makhana / gorgon nut) is an important annual wetland floating leaf angiospermic macrophyte which grows naturally in wild forms in aquatic bodies. It is also cultivated in ponds, low land stagnant water, fields etc. This plant is especially cultivated in northern Bihar, West Bengal, Manipur and MP for its seeds. Roasted / popped seeds of makhana (puffs) are tasty, light, crispy, fatless, aphrodisiac, spermatogenic and with high carbohydrate, protein and mineral contents. Therefore, makhana puffs have especially become a delicacy in the diet of riches and are in high demand in western and gulf countries.Bihar is the largest producer (90%) of makhana in India and the world too. In north Bihar, Katihar district is known for its fine network of Himalayas’ emanating rivers as well as a large number of other natural and man- made aquifers.Euryale ferox (makhana) is the most common aquatic macrophyte grown as cash crop in the non-calcareous belts of Koshi and Mahananda rivers of Katihar. In the initial stage of growth of makhana crop its water bodies are heavily infested with aquaphyte weeds. Hence, a periodic manual, herbal or chemical weeding of aquatic bodies in early stages is essential for the establishment of makhana seedlings. In the present study, altogether 35 macrophyte species belonging to 33 genera of angiosperms and pteridophytes were recorded from makhana crop fields. The imortant macrophytic weeds were Eichhornia crassipes, Monocharia hastata, Ceratophyllum demursum, Nelumbo nucifera, Nymphaea nauchali etc. were recorded in the present investigation. These aquatic macrophytes pose a great threat to the growth of makhana and considerably reduce the crop yield. These aquaphytic weeds also show detrimental allelopathic effects on the cultivation of makhana. However, makhana has the great potentiality as a solution for poverty alleviation and livelihood security especially for economically poor rural people who thrive in wetland areas.
Original Research Article
Oct. 26, 2020
Genetic Diversity of Growth Hormone Genes and Its Relationship with Weight Coast Gain of Pesisir Cattle
Mangku Mundana, Sarbaini, Yurnalis, Jaswandi
Sch J Agric Vet Sci | 219-230
DOI : 10.36347/sjavs.2020.v07i10.001
This study aimed to: 1) Obtain diversity of body weight gain in Coastal cows, 2) Obtain diversity of growth hormone genes (GH) in intron 3 to exon 4 (GH4) and intron 4 to exon 5 (GH5) in Coastal cattle using the polymerase method chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP), 3) Obtain a relationship between diversity of growth hormone genes (GH4 and GH5) with body weight gain in Coastal cows. This research was conducted in the field and in the laboratory. Field research was conducted to obtain data on body weight gain and blood samples from Coastal cows. Samples used amounted to 141 Coastal cows with age around 1-4 years where Coastal cows came from Ranah Pesisir District and Bayang District in Pesisir Selatan Regency, West Sumatra Laboratory research was conducted at the Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Andalas University. The diversity of the GH gene was determined by gene frequency, heterosigosity values, the value of Polymorphic Informative Content (PIC), gene balance in the population, and the relationship between the diversity of GH genes with body weight gain in Coastal cattle. The results of the field research showed that the average body weight of Male Coastal cattle was 0.142 ± 0.086 kg or 142 gr / cow / day with a high coefficient of diversity that was 20.4% and on CoastalFemale cows 0.195 ± 0.153 kg or 195 gr / cow / day with a coefficient diversity of 73.3%. Laboratory research results obtained the diversity of GH (polymorphic) genes in the GH4 | AluI gene and the GH5 | Eco471 gene. Genotype frequency of GH4 gene fragments Gene AluI is AA of 0.79 and BB of 0.21 and allele frequencies (A) and (B) for GH4 | AluI are 0.79 and 0.21, and for GH5 | Eco471 genotype frequencies are TT, TC, and CC respectively according to 0.52, 0.34, and 0.14 while the allele frequencies were T alleles 0.69 and C 0.31. The observed Heterozygosity values and expectations of GH4 | AluI and GH5Eco471 were 0.00, 0.34 and ......