Original Research Article
Nov. 27, 2021
Seroprevalence of Viral Markers at the Blood Transfusion Center of Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital of Rabat, Morocco
Houari M, Rochdi J, Bighouab F, MAMAD H, X Ennefah H, Ennefah L, Ejeaidi A, Belmekki A
Sch J App Med Sci | 1750-1753
DOI : 10.36347/sjams.2021.v09i11.020
Introduction: Blood transfusion therapy has a huge role in management of various hematological and other diseases. The prevention of transfusion-transmitted infections remains a key component of blood safety. The main objective of this study is to study the seroprevalence of viral markers on donated blood at the Blood Transfusion Center, Mohammed V Military Hospital in Rabat. Material and methods: This is a retrospective study conducted with military donors aged 19 to 50 at the Blood Transfusion Center (CTS) of the Mohammed V Military Hospital of Instruction (HMIMV), Rabat (Morocco), carried out over a period of four years from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2020. Biological screening was carried out by a technique…. based on the principle of Results: Out of 49,703 samples tested, 48,175 were valid for transfusion and 1,528 were not valid for transfusion, among these invalid bags, 101 donations were confirmed positive for HBV (2 ‰), with an HCV seroprevalence of 1.2 ‰ (58 donations) and a seroprevalence of 0.5 ‰ (25 cases) of HIV 1 + 2 with a seroprevalence of 0.5 ‰ (25 cases). Discussion: The low rates of seroprevalence of viral markers in our study show improved preventive measures with regard to donor selection and screening tests. Conclusion: This perceived prevalence encourages the maintenance of the use of the combined reagent, which is the only alternative to molecular biology for developing countries.
An Interesting Case of Acute Chorioretinitis Due to Ocular Toxoplasmosis
Dr. K. EzhilVendhan, Dr. Aparajita Gautam, Dr. Harshitha S Logesh, Dr. Kamala Balakrishnan
Sch J App Med Sci | 1745-1749
DOI : 10.36347/sjams.2021.v09i11.019
Ocular Toxoplasmosis is a recurrent and progressive necrotizing retinitis that can cause blindness. In most cases, it manifests as a localised retinochoroidal lesion and is the most prevalent cause of posterior uveitis worldwide. Ocular infection is relatively common, with the majority of cases being asymptomatic. As a result, it's important to draw attention to this blinding disease that might go undetected, as well as the preventative actions that can be taken to avoid vision impairment. We report a case of a 35 years old female came with complaints of defective vision in both eyes for past 2 months which was acute in onset and painless in nature. There was history of similar episode 1 year back with no history of any treatment taken and there was a history of eating undercooked meat in the past. Right eye fundus showed a typical headlight in the fog appearance and left eye fundus showed exudative sheathing of vessel wall and multiple pigmented old retinochoroidal scars. Blood investigation showed elevated total count and an elevated ESR level. Peripheral smear report suggested dimorphic anemia and thrombocytosis. Antinuclear antobody- positive.Toxoplasm igG antibody- 511.90IU/ml (positive for toxoplasmosis).
Original Research Article
Nov. 24, 2021
Healing Potency of Different Honey on Wound and Skin Infections Collected from Three Selected Hospitals in Nigeria
Ajobiewe PT, Malaan YD, Ajobiewe JO, Yashim NA, Sidi II, Nwodo PT, Ajobiewe HF, Alexander P, Eke KI, Oguji C, Ogundeji AA
Sch J App Med Sci | 1740-1744
DOI : 10.36347/sjams.2021.v09i11.018
The remarkable activity of honey varieties in inflammatory complications is increasingly favorable due to its ability to induce antibodies to produce cytokines in eliminating bacterial infection and other related skin irritations. We investigated this assertion earlier documented in different studies about the potency of honey varieties in four selected hospitals within Nigeria. We also observed in this current work that the potency of honey obtained from different sources varied due to its composition of acids and proteins. Statistical technique, such as ANOVA was used to compare the mean difference of potency of honey in four selected hospitals within Nigeria. The test showed that the mean difference of the potencies of honey in three selected hospitals are not significant (P>0.05). The result of our in-vitro studies showed that honey had powerful antibacterial activities against different species of bacteria. We thus, concluded and suggested that among the countless varieties of honeys produced worldwide, some might have superior antibacterial activities that were yet to be discovered.